What are the early signs of dementia?

The signs and symptoms may vary depending upon the type of dementia and the area of brain cells affected. Learn more about the early signs of dementia in our useful guide.

The likelihood of developing dementia increases significantly with age. One in 14 people aged over 65 has dementia. This rises to 1 in 6 for people aged over 80.There are currently around 900,000 people in the UK living with dementia. It mainly affects people over the age of 65.

Dementia is not a disease in itself, but a term used to describe a group of symptoms that include problems with memory, thinking or language, and changes in mood, emotions, perception and behaviour.  These symptoms vary according to the part of the brain that is damaged.

There are however some common early symptoms that appear before a diagnosis of dementia. These include:

Memory problems

  • increasing forgetfulness
  • difficulty retaining new information
  • getting lost in places that used to be familiar
  • struggling with names
  • losing things frequently

Cognitive ability

  • difficulty understanding time and place, e.g. getting up in the middle of the night to go to work, even if they’re retired
  • difficulty with choosing what to buy and paying when shopping
  • struggling with decision-making and reasoning
  • loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy
  • restlessness, e.g. pacing, fidgeting and trying to leave the house


  • struggling to find the right words
  • often repeating themselves
  • struggles in making and following conversation
  • difficulty reading and writing
  • becoming withdrawn or quieter
  • loss of interest in socialising
  • a decline in confidence
  • changes in personality and behaviour
  • mood swings, anxiety and depression.

The symptoms often begin mild and worsen over time. Despite common misconception, dementia is not a natural part of ageing and the condition can be slowed down if it is caught early enough. If you notice any of the above symptoms it is vital to seek medical help as soon as possible.

Some things can increase your chances of developing dementia, including:

The care we offer is delivered in an individual’s own home which offers continuity and a familiar environment to those living with dementia.  Live-in support. is particularly suitable for those living with dementia. The one-to-one, 24/7 nature enables a strong bond and relationship to be built between the carer and customers. It also offers something that cannot be matched - peace of mind to friends and family.

Our staff are trained to care for those living with a myriad of conditions including dementia. Routines and familiar surroundings can really help those living with dementia. Person-centred care is an important part of living with Dementia and something we are very experienced in delivering. Please contact us to learn more about Bluebird Care Reigate and the care we offer. 

Sources: NHS website, Alzheimers.org.uk, Dementiauk.org

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3. Assessment

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4. Care team chosen & care starts

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