Understanding the risks of falls

Understanding how trips and falls are more likely to occur is the first step to preventing them from happening.

Some groups of people are more at risk of falls particularly if there are hazards in their homes. Bluebird Care offers vital home help to people who are at greater risk.

Groups of people who are more at risk of falls

Some medical conditions can increase the risk of falling:

  • Chronic health conditions such as heart disease, arthritis,low blood pressure,'s disease, dementia or other cognitive impairments. These can cause lack of co-ordination, dizzy spells and weakness.
  • Loss of balance due to an infection or fear of falling
  • Medicines that may have side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness or other loss of functioning. Side effects are more likely to occur if you are regularly taking a number of medicines each day.
  • Decline in muscle strength and joint flexibility can affect mobility. For example how easily you can stand up, walk or even get out of a chair.
  • Reduced reaction time. The nerves that carry information to and from the brain can deteriorate especially as we get older. This slows reaction time and the ability to move away from obstacles quickly enough. For example, avoiding a slippery patch of floor.
  • Poor vision which may mean that you are not aware of the hazard at the time,

Common Hazards in the home that increase the risk of falls.

These include:

  • General clutter and furniture that is placed across the walking areas
  • Tripping hazards such as loose or frayed rugs, uneven floors, trailing wires or clothing that trails along the floor.
  • Poor lighting
  • Wet or slippery floors
  • Items stored out of easy reach
  • Poorly fitted shoes
  • Lack of or the wrong equipment

The impact of falls

The consequences of falling can be devastating.

The impact of falling as we get older result's in greater injuries and increased fear of further falls.

Older people are more likely to sustain a fracture if they falls, particularly to the wrist or hip. Hip fractures can be seriously debilitating and while recovery is taking place at home, help and support will almost certainly be needed. The likelihood of enduring a hip fracture, along with the negative side effects, increases roughly tenfold for every decade after the age of 50. Woman are particularly vulnerable due to a higher occurrence of osteoporosis.

For people over the age of 75 years the impact is even greater. Falls are the most common cause of death in this age group.

Equally important are the significant psychological effects. A recent study by Portegijs, suggests that damaged confidence- not just physical injury - can sometimes be responsible for a reduction in mobility.Portegijs found that adults who were more confident about their balance performed better in balanced and mobility tests.

After a fall, people can lose balance confidence. This means they have a fear of falling and may feel anxious or tense which increases the risk of further falls.Home help can provide the care and support people need during this time.


How to find the right care for you or your relative

1. Find your local office

Bluebird Care delivers care from locally based offices, find yours to start your care journey today.

2. Get in touch with us

Fill in our call back form or give us a call to find out how we can help you.

3. Assessment

We’ll come out to you to find out what you or your loved one needs to help stay independent at home.

4. Care team chosen & care starts

You'll be cared for by our specially trained team to support you to remain at home for as long as possible.

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